A medical laboratory is a place where the tests for the clinical specimen will be done in order to get the information needed for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of a disease on a patient. Clinical laboratories are not the same as the research laboratories because they focus on applied science mainly on the production like basis an not on the basic science on an academic basis.
Laboratory medicine usually have two departments on which each unit will be divided into a number of different units. You can read more about the two departments below.
Anatomic pathology – this department will include cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. Each of those units can be studied alone in a single course, try checking this page. The other courses related to this section are histology, pathophysiology, pathology, and physiology.
Clinical pathology that includes the following:
Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five different units of science. The units are virology, parasitology, bacteriology, mycology, and immunology.
Clinical chemistry – the units that are under this section are toxicology, endocrinology, enzymology, and the instrumental analysis of blood components.
Hermatology – this units that are under this section are the manual and automated analysis of blood cells. The blood bank and the coagulation are the two subunits in this section.
Cytogenetics is a subspecialty that is studied alongside genetics.
Reproductive biology – the units in this section include the assisted reproductive technology, sperm bank, and semen analysis.
You should know that it would vary from different places when it comes to the distribution of clinical laboratories in different health centers. An example for this is that some health institutions will have one lab intended for microbiology while some will not have a lab for microbiology but will have different labs for each unit.
Learn more about the detailed analysis of the role of each laboratory equipment for hermatology and urinalysis below.
Microbiology will receive almost any kind of clinical specimen like feces, blood, swabs, sputum, snynovial fluid, possible infected tissues, urine and cerebrospinal fluid. That main task here involves the main concern with cultures, looking for the possible pathogens that will be identified more based on biochemical tests if found. There will also be a need to know if a pathogen is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine by doing a sensitivity test. Results will be reported together with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and quantity of drugs that will be given to a patient.
The types of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, there are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens. The patients will undergo tests in hospital laboratories that you can find in several hospitals. The private laboratories will be analyzing the samples from the different health clinics, clinical research sites, insurance companies, and general practitioners. There are so many websites that can provide you with more information about medical laboratories, just click here for more.